1 March 2014

News Letter Feb 2014


The National Interest

Can the Republican Party reinvent itself?
A deep look at the key GOP factions and how successful primary candidates navigate them.
Time is running out for the little island coveted by its gigantic, growing neighbor.
An allegedly illiberal idea—and its liberal father.
America is making its energy supply more secure—but we can't untie ourselves from the global energy market.
We fear weapons of mass destruction in terrorist hands. Yet the greater danger continues to from terrorists' older tools—the gun and the bomb.
Do the presidents who are pushiest abroad get the most done?
The wisest of the wise men.
John B. Judis' new book on Israel is right, but for the wrong reasons.
Failing to play a dominant role in the Far East wouldn't just be foolish. It would change who we are.

February 2014 issue of the CTC Sentinel
West Point's Combating Terrorism Center has released the February 2014 issue of the CTC Sentinel. It is a special issue on Africa. It can be downloaded here.

The issue contains the following articles:

- The Future Role of U.S. Counterterrorism Operations in Africa

By Michael A. Sheehan and Geoff D. Porter

- Al-Shabab’s Capabilities Post-Westgate

By Ken Menkhaus

- An In-Depth Look at Al-Shabab’s Internal Divisions

By Stig Jarle Hansen

- The Malian Government’s Challenge to Restore Order in the North

By Bruce Whitehouse

- The In Amenas Attack in the Context of Southern Algeria’s Growing Social Unrest

By Hannah Armstrong

- Will Terrorism in Libya be Solely Driven by Radical Islamism?

By Geoffrey Howard and Henry Smith

- Religious Violence in Tunisia Three Years after the Revolution

By Anne Wolf

- Leadership Analysis of Boko Haram and Ansaru in Nigeria

By Jacob Zenn

- Recent Highlights in Political Violence

Journal of Defence Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1, January 2014

This issue includes looks at modernization of the armed forces through budgetary allocations, the Navy's submarine arm, maritime security, projections of IAF equipment over the next 20 years, directed energy weapons technology, and oceanographic studies. It also includes an analysis of the recently concluded India-China Border Defence Cooperation Agreement.

-- Amit Cowshish 
-- Sataluri Govind 
-- Bijoy Das 
-- Sarabjeet Singh Parmar 
-- Vivek Kapur 
-- Bishwajit Bose 
-- Arnab Das 
Book Reviews 
-- S. Samuel C. Rajiv 
-- Stuti Banerjee

International Affairs is a leading journal of international relations.
The featured article in the current issue is Learning from the past: the relevance of international history by David Stevenson. This article is free for non-members to read.

January 2014

Capitalism and the emergent world order
Barry Buzan and George Lawson

Parameters, Winter 2013-14, Now Online
Special Commentary
       What the QDR Ought to Say about Landpower by Francis G. Hoffman
American Power in Transition
       The True Tragedy of American Power by Isaiah Wilson
       Redirecting US Diplomacy by James E. Goodby and Ken Weisbrode
       Rebalancing US Military Power by Anna Simons
Fighting Irregular Fighters
       Is the Law of Armed Conflict Outdated? By Sibylle Scheipers
       Defeating Violent Nonstate Actors by Robert J. Bunker
       Confronting Africa's Sobels by Robert L. Feldman and Michel Ben Arrous
Conflict by Other Means
       Waging Financial War by David J. Katz
       The Coming Financial Wars by Juan Zarate
       Economic Statecraft: China in Africa by Douglas W. Winton
Preparing for Netwars
       Repurposing Cyber Command by Frank J. Cilluffo and Joseph R. Clark
Of Note
       A War Examined: Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2003 by Kevin C. Benson

“Air and Space Power Journal”
January–February 2014  

Happy New Year from your ASPJ team! We are delighted to announce that the website is once again operational. The January–February 2014 issue is now available for downloading from the Air University website. Please take a moment to visit us at http://www.airpower.au.af.mil/. We appreciate your patience and hope that you enjoy the issue.

In this issue. . . . 

General Mark A. Welsh III, USAF
General Hawk Carlisle, USAF

Maj Gen Kenneth S. Wilsbach, USAF
Lt Col David J. Lyle, USAF

Capt Adam B. Young, USAF

Lt Col Aaron D. Burgstein, USAF

Capt Albert C. Harris III, USAF

LTC Kelvin Mote, USA

The Editor 


If democracy continues to flourish in Pakistan and the establishment’s flawed policies are scrapped, Pakistan would finally become a peaceful country. “Liberal newspaper Express Tribune cowed into silence by Pakistani Taliban,” reads a...

Strategy: A History is a work on the cultural historical origins of strategy and the myriad ways in which men have sought to use strategy to gain the edge in battle or politics. Strategy is a fascinating subject. Seemingly always useful, sometimes...

The new proposal brought in by three of the Cricket boards, will restructure the International Cricket Council (ICC).  The world of Cricket has been abuzz with a Draft Proposal brought in by three of the Cricket boards, namely, Board of Control...

It should be possible to have profound questioning and open debate without encouraging intolerance or separatism. There is a long tradition of dialogue and debate within all the spiritual and philosophical traditions of India, whether Hindu,...

There are nearly one million fewer girls than boys in India and not enough is being done to change this. Census 2011 has brought out a terrifying figure. As per the Single Year Age Data released recently, for children below the age of one,...

If democracy continues to flourish in Pakistan and the establishment’s flawed policies are scrapped, Pakistan would finally become a peaceful country. “Liberal newspaper Express Tribune cowed into...

Strategy: A History is a work on the cultural historical origins of strategy and the myriad ways in which men have sought to use strategy to gain the edge in battle or politics. Strategy is a fascinating...
The new proposal brought in by three of the Cricket boards, will restructure the International Cricket Council (ICC).  The world of Cricket has been abuzz with a Draft Proposal brought in by three of...

It should be possible to have profound questioning and open debate without encouraging intolerance or separatism. There is a long tradition of dialogue and debate within all the spiritual and philosophical...

There are nearly one million fewer girls than boys in India and not enough is being done to change this. Census 2011 has brought out a terrifying figure. As per the Single Year Age Data released recently,...

Dear Friends and Colleagues, 

We are happy to share with you our recent publications and events. Additionally, please find attached the ISSSP digest for the month of January, 2014 in the mail. 



Authors: S. Chandrashekar and Soma Perumal

ISSSP Reflections

Author: M. Mayilvaganan

Author: Viswesh Rammohan

Outreach Publications

- India-US row: Voices from the streets (Al Jazeera- English) 

Author: Arun Vishwanathan, Assistant Professor, ISSSP

The World Today

Articles from the current issue are open-access. Cover Stories
1914-18: Legacy of the Great War
100 years of generals v politicians: from Ypres to Helmand
James de Waal, Visiting Fellow, Chatham House International Security Programme
Why we still flock to visit the Somme
Nicholas Bird, battlefield tour guide
Trench technology against gas attack which is still in use today
Dr Gabriel Moshenska, lecturer, Public Archaeology, UCL Institute of Archaeology
Suffragists who tried to stop the carnage
Helen Kay, Scottish branch of WILPF
Paying war's medical bill
Lt-Gen Louis Lillywhite, Surgeon-General of the British Armed Forces 2006-2009
Germany: historians are missing a big opportunity
Sönke Neitzel, Professor of International History, London School of Economics
India: a sacrifice that went unrecognized
Rahul Bedi, defence journalist, New Delhi
Ireland: from conflict to respect
Eamon Gilmore T.D., Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs & Trade, the Republic of Ireland
South Africa: troopship sinking lives on in memory
Albert Grundlingh, author and professor of History, Stellenbosch University
Caribbean: racism in the trenches
Richard Smith, author and lecturer in Media & Communications, Goldsmiths University of London
Chatham House, born from the ashes of war
Jason Naselli, Editorial & Project Coordinator, Chatham House
Bringing 'War Horse' to a Berlin theatre
John von Düffel, dramatist and writer
The audacity of a Pope
Paul Vallely, papal biographer
Dr Zbigniew Brzezinski on how to avoid a new Middle East explosion
Alan Philps
Learning the wrong lessons from the Three Gorges Dam
Michael Sheridan, Far East Correspondent, The Sunday Times
A tonic for democracy in 2014
Canvassing for ‘None of the above’
Anthony King, professor of government, University of Essex
USA: Let them have God and guns
Louis Michael Seidman, Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Constitutional Law, Georgetown University Law Center
Egypt: How the Brotherhood failed
Dr Hazem Kandil, author & lecturer
Chatham House Quiz
Test your knowledge of 2013
A Bayeux Tapestry for the Western Front
Alan Philps
A new profile of Steve Biko, father of Black Consciousness
Benjamin Pogrund,
A selection of Great War books
Japan’s sun is rising again
John Swenson-Wright, Senior Consulting Fellow, Asia Programme, Chatham House
Playing the game of nations

Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS)

· Homeland Security Affairs Journal, February 2014, v. 10 http://www.hsaj.org/

o Preparedness Revisited: W(h)ither PPD-8? http://www.hsaj.org/?article=10.1.2

o Hybrid Targeted Violence: Challenging Conventional 'Active Shooter' Response Strategies http://www.hsaj.org/?article=10.1.3

o Towards a Unified Homeland Security Strategy: An Asset Vulnerability Model http://www.hsaj.org/?article=10.1.1

MCU Journal, v. 4, no. 1 Spring 2013

o Stopping Atrocities: Field Commanders’ Moral Responsibility in Srebrenica and Rwanda

o The Syrian Kurds: A House Divided

o Understanding Terrorism and the Islamist Challenge in the Maghreb 

o Bridging the Gap: High-Level Policy Meets On-the-Ground Realities in Eastern Afghanistan

o Agnatic Rivalry, Social Instability, and Scapegoating: The Consequences of Integrating Pashtunwali with Afghan Formal Law

Journal of Military Operations, Winter 2014, v. 2, no. 1 

o Does Operational Art Exist? Space, Time and a Theory of Operational Art

o Out of Balance: Rebalancing Access and Overcoming Denial
o The Edge of Glory: The Western Way of Combat and the Seach for the Elusive Decisve Battle in an Age of Terror

o The Tactics Gap: Why We Wrestle with the Basics

o Training Obversations

o The Killing of an Unknown Afghan Fighter in September 2011: A Breakdown in Battlefield Discipline

Military Review, January-February 2014, v. 94, no. 1

o Virtual Influence: Leveraging Social Media as a Leadership Tool

o Preferring Copies with No Originals: Does the Army Training Strategy Train or Fail?

o A Tale of Two Districts: Beating the Taliban at Their Own Game

o States, Societies, Resistance and COIN

o Of Burning Platforms and Champions

o Strategic Gain or Backlash?

o The Fourth Revolution: Hyper-Learning

o Lessons of a Coalition Partner in Afghanistan: 2002-2013

o Harmony in Battle: Training the Brigade Combat Team for Combined Arms Maneuver

o Creeping Death: Clausewitz and Comprehensive Counterinsurgency

o Managing Risk in Today's Army

o The Lessons of "The Surge"

Parameters, Winter 2013-14, v. 43, no. 4 

o What the QDR Ought to Say About Landpower

o The True Tragedy of American Power

o Redirecting US Diplomacy

o Rebalancing US Military Power

o Is the Law of Armed Conflict Outdated?

o Defeating Violent Nonstate Actors

o Confronting Africa's Sobels

o Waging Financial War

o The Coming Financial Wars

o Economic Statecraft: China in Africa

o Repurposing Cyber Command

o A War Examined: Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2003

Joint Force Quarterly (JFQ), January 2014, no. 72 

o The Role of Professional Military Education in Mission Command

o The Pen and the Sword: Faculty Management Challenges in the Mixed Cultural Environment of a War College

o Putting “A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower” to Work: A Wargaming Perspective

o Godzilla Methodology: Means for Determining Center of Gravity

o Improving DOD Adaptability and Capability to Survive Black Swan Events

o Strategy for Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance

o The Joint Stealth Task Force: An Operational Concept for Air-Sea Battle

o Unifying Our Vision: Joint ISR Coordination and the NATO Joint ISR Initiative

o “Gallantry and Intrepidity”: Valor Decorations in Current and Past Conflicts

o Cut Defense Pork, Revive Presidential Impoundment

o Biometric-enabled Intelligence in Regional Command–East

o Strategic Implications of the Afghan Mother Lode and China’s Emerging Role

o Improving Safety in the U.S. Arctic

o Forging a 21st-century Military Strategy: Leveraging Challenges

o Learning and Adapting: Billy Mitchell in World War

Naval War College Review, Winter 2014, v. 67, no. 1 

o Strengthening Our Naval Profession through a Culture of Leader Development

o President's Forum - RADM Walter E. "Ted" Carter, Jr., USN

o Trends in Modern War Gaming: The Art of Conversation

o Your Boss, Players, and Sponsor: The Three Witches of War Gaming

o The Idea of a "Fleet in Being" in Historical Perspective

o Kamikazes: The Soviet Legacy

o "Winning" the Pacific War: The Masterful Strategy of Commander Minoru Genda

o Was There Something Unique to the Japanese That Lost Them the Battle of Midway? [Research & Debate essay]

o Strength in Numbers: The Remarkable Potential of (Really) Small Combatants [Research & Debate essay]

o Reflections on Leadership


 The Political Landscape of Afghanistan and the Presidential Election of 2014

Independent Assessment of the Afghan National Security Forces

Game Over? The EU’s Legacy in Afghanistan 

Ankara Summit: A Possible Road to Afghan Peace?

Afghanistan: The View from India 

Afghanistan: Sustainable Engagement to 2014 and Beyond 

Afghanistan – The Endless Challenge 


Objectives and Differences among Militant Groups in FATA

The Punjabi Taliban

Afghanistan: The View from Pakistan

Monitor On Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan 

 Potential and Prospects of Pakistani Diaspora 

Pakistan’s Energy Crisis: Causes, Consequences and Possible Remedies 

Joint Strategy to Control Militancy and Pak-Afghan Conflict Resolution Post-2014 

 Implementation Status on Recommendations from the Pakistan-Afghanistan Parliamentarians Dialogues Since 2011 


Can China and India Coexist in Myanmar? 

Harnessing Myanmar's Hydropower and Negotiating Conflict

Painful Polls and Dhaka’s Dilemmas 

China, The United States, And The Kachin Conflict 

Central Asia: Democracy, Instability and Strategic Game in Kyrgyzstan
P. Stobdan, Author, 2014, Publisher: Pentagon Press
ISBN 978-81-8274-752-4
Price: Rs.995/- [Download Book]


Unrest in Xinjiang, Uyghur Province in China

China Brief, January 10, 2014, v. 14, no. 1 

o Brief: Xi Evokes “New Left” Vision of China’s Future

o Xi Invokes Mao’s Image to Boost his own Authority

o Tiananmen Attack: Islamist Terror or Chinese Protest?

o The Language of Terrorism in China: Balancing Foreign and Domestic Policy Imperatives

o China-US WMD Cooperation: Progress within Limits

China Brief, February 20, 2014, v. 14, no. 4 

o Beijing’s Fight Against Democracy Activism in Hong Kong

o Chin a’s Ideological ‘Soft War’: Offense is the Best Defense

o Falling Coal Prices Help Chin a’s ‘New Silk Road’ Win Over Mongolia

China’s Evolving Reconnaissance-Strike Capabilities: Implications for the U.S.-Japan Alliance

India Advances in Naval Arms Race With China

People’s Republic of China Maritime Disputes 

The People’s Liberation Army General Political Department: Political Warfare with Chinese Characteristics 

Airpower Across the Himalayas: A Military Appreciation of Chinese and Indian Air Forces http://www.rsis.edu.sg/publications/policy_brief/Policy%20Brief%20-%202013-12-31%20-%20Airpower%20Across%20the%20Himalayas.pdf

China and India: A Sisyphean Bilateral? 

China, India and the United States: Tempered Rivalries in Asia 

Growth of China's Power and Implications for Asia in the 21st Century


The 16th Symposium (FY 2013), November 12, 2013 - "Prospects of Multilateral Cooperation in the Asia Pacific: To Overcome the Gap of Security Outlooks" [conference papers] 

Japan in East Asia: Challenges and Opportunities for 2014 
Japan’s New Approach to National Security 

 Carving up the Skies: China's New Air Defense Zone

Sino-Indian Panchsheel and Japan’s Overture to India 

Thailand: Conflict Alert 

Air Defense Identification Zone Intended to Provide China Greater Flexibility to Enforce East China Sea Claims 

The Indian Ocean Region: A Strategic Net Assessment
By Anthony H. Cordesman, Abdullah Toukan 


Impact from Syria's War on Militancy in FATA

Consent by Force: Strategies to Avoid Failure in Syria
Iran and the P5+1
Iraq in Crisis 

Islamist Responses to the "End of Islamism"

Next Steps Toward a Final Deal with Iran 

Syria Country Analysis Brief - February 2014 

Attacking America: Al Qaeda’s Grand Strategy in Its War with the World 

Legitimacy Versus Legality Redux: Arming the Syrian Rebels

Leadership Divided? The Domestic Politics of Iran's Nuclear Debate

 Iraq in Crisis 

After the Awakening: Future Security Trends in the Middle East

Western Policy Towards Syria: Ten Recommendations 


Russia’s G8 Presidency: With an Ambitious Agenda, Can Moscow Deliver?

Great Unfulfilled Expectations: Russia’s Security Dialogue with Europe

Towards a Greater Eurasia: Who, Why, What and How? 

Issue Guide: Crisis in Ukraine 

Engaging Cuba 

The EU, Russia and Eastern Partnership: What Dynamics under the New German Government? http://www.ifri.org/downloads/ifrindc109tolksdorfeng.pdf

Why Europe Can’t Leave Asia to the US 

Ukraine’s February Revolution: What Next?


Presentation on the Projected Costs of U.S. Nuclear Forces, 2014 to 2023

New Realities: Energy Security in the 2010s and Implications for the U.S. Military - Executive Summaries 

Big Bets & Black Swans: A Presidential Briefing Book 

Oil Security 2025: U.S. National Security Policy in an Era of Domestic Oil Abundance 

Alternatives to U.S. Hard Power: The Saudi Response to U.S. Tactics in the Middle East 


Crisis in the Central African Republic: The EU Response

No Place Like Home: Returns and Relocations of Somalia’s Displaced

Security Sector Reform and Governance Processes in West Africa: From Concepts to Reality 

 Whose Development? Human Rights Abuses in Sierra Leone’s Mining Boomhttp://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/sierraleone0214_ForUpload.pdf

Africa Watch, February 20, 2014 

Conflict and the Formation of Political Beliefs in Africa http://www.hicn.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/HiCN-WP-164.pdf


FM 3-38, Cyber Electromagnetic Activities 

Pandemonium: Nation States, National Security, and the Internet https://www.ccdcoe.org/publications/TP_Vol1No1_Geers.pdf

Peacetime Regime for State Activities in Cyberspace http://ccdcoe.org/427.html

2014 as the Year of Encryption: A (Very) Brief History of Encryption Policy 

Cybersecurity and Stability in the Gulf 

The Enduring Need for Electronic Attack in Air Operations 

 Assessment of Nuclear Monitoring and Verification Technologies

20YY: Preparing for War in the Robotic Age
Robert O. Work, Shawn Brimley


Electromagnetic Spectrum Strategy 

Disaster Prep Wednesday: "Managing Worker Fatigue During Disaster Operations"

Harmonizing Policy & Principle: A Hybrid Model for Counterterrorism

Aspects of Leadership: Ethics, Law, and Spirituality

Intelligence Surveillance Reconnaissance is Greater Than Aerial Surveillance http://smallwarsjournal.com/printpdf/15265

The Process of Radicalization http://smallwarsjournal.com/printpdf/15276

Some Recent Approaches to Cultural Intelligence Gathering http://smallwarsjournal.com/printpdf/15296

Lessons From Previous Competitive Strategies: Interview with Thomas G. Mahnken 

 Mega Cities, Ungoverned Areas, and the Challenge of Army Urban Combat Operations in 2030-2040 

 More than Weather: The Strategic Importance of Remote Environmental Monitoring Capabilities to DOD 

Robots on the Battlefield: Contemporary Issues and Implications for the Future http://usacac.army.mil/CAC2/cgsc/carl/download/csipubs/FrenchRobots.pdf

Joint Pub 3-29, Foreign Humanitarian Assistance, 03 January 2014 


Indian Ocean Region: A Strategic Net Assessment 

The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation: India Seeking New Role in the Eurasian Regional Mechanism
Meena Singh Roy, IDSA Monograph Series No. 34, 2014 
Heavy Satellite Launch Vehicles: An Assessment 
Indo-Russian Defence Trade: A Recipe for Revival
Back to Reality: India’s National Interests and Multilateralism
Quenching India’s Thirst for Energy 
Employment in India – Latest Data and Implications 
Arthasastra: Lesson for the Contemporary Security Environment with South Asia as a Case Study http://www.idsa.in/system/files/Monograph31.pdf

 INS Vikramaditya—Deployment Options for India http://www.idsa.in/system/files/IB_INSVikramaditya.pdf

 Internal Security Trends in 2013 and a Prognosis http://www.idsa.in/system/files/IB_InternalSecurityTrends2013.pdf

Jihadist Violence: The Indian Threat 
· China’s Gorbachov Angst 

· Defense Innovations in India: The Fault Lines 

· India and Maldives—Ties Must Be Consolidated 

· Measures for Improving Management of National Security http://idsa.in/system/files/gkanwal_160114.pdf

Indian Strategic-Military Transformation - Revolutionary in Nature, Evolutionary in Character 


Strengthening Coastal Planning

The Future of the U.S. Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Force

 The Role of Arctic Hydrocarbons for Future Energy Security 

Water as a Geopolitical Threat

World Economic Forum (WEF) Global Risks 2014 [9th ed.] 

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